BASIC
RECIPES

CLASS 01
Welcome to the tutorial course "Basic Recipes"!

You are about to start a course on writing skills, where you will:


-Receive basic information related to writing letters and messages.
-Review structures and communication topics.
-Improve your business writing style.
-Practice your writing weekly.



Getting Started

"The journey of a thousand miles begins with one step."

Lao Tse

The process of writing an important message involves various steps:

(1) Determine the purpose.
(2) Determine the reader's needs.
(3) Organize all the ideas.
(4) Write a first text ( a draft ).
(5) Revise for possible problems: structures, redundancies, wrong spelling, adequate vocabulary, etc. Modify it.
(6) Send it.

Let's consider some of these steps...

Revising the text

QUICK CHECKLIST =

Four questions you should ask about a text you write :

1.Does it achieve your purpose? (Offering,suggesting,etc.)
2.Are all the verb tenses right?
3.Does it contain unnecessary words, sentences, or information?
4.Is the message polite?

After you finish a draft of a text, the ideas are so fresh that maybe you cannot read the contents objectively. There are a number of ways to put distance between yourself and your writing.

1. Try a cooling period ( let it rest )if possible.

2. Pretend that a stranger has written your text.

3. Revise in passes:
4. Be alert for those problems that you know you tend to repeat.

5. Read it aloud.

6. Ask someone else to read and criticize your draft.


REVISING THE GRAMMAR AND VERB TENSES

A text with grammar or verbal mistakes makes a very poor impression.

C A P S U L E
A few GRAMMAR RULES
to remember


This course is not specifically about those subjects; however, click on the capsule above for a checklist of common problems to correct. Also, explore the area "Clínica de inglés" at Lighthouse-School, if you wish, to find theoretical explanations of several topics.


REVISING THE STYLE

The difference between the right word and "almost the right word"
is like the difference between "lightning" and "lightning bug"

Mark Twain

A few style details to focus on are :

1.Word choice

In particular when coming to formal vs. informal vocabulary, and precise or imprecise choice.

example: "A few guys complimented the new product."
change to : "A few customers complimented the new product."

2.Redundancy

When a word, phrase, etc. adds no new information.

example: "Modern technics today save time and money."
change to : "Modern technics save time and money."

3.Technical terminology

Maybe your reader does not understand a certain word specific of your profession or work. In that case, it is better to explain the concept it represents.

4.Sexist language

Using masculine pronouns for terms such as "everyone", "employee", "student", and all generic nouns is offensive in some cultures.

example: "Everyone must submit his report by Thursday."
change to : "Everyone must submit his or her report by Thursday."


Before finishing for today, try the following suggested activity:

Exercise:
Organizing Written Ideas


That's all for today! Have a good week and we'll meet again next week.. Until then...

Best regards,

Your electronic teacher




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